The two main components of what anatomists call the mouth’s roof are the hard palate and the soft palate. The hard palate is the flat bony parcel that composes the front part of our mouth’s roof, dividing it from the nasal conduct. The soft palate, on the other hand, is located at the back of the roof of the mouth, made up of soft tissue instead of bone. A number of reasons could make the roof of mouth become painful. It is a quite common discomfort, recurrent but generally not too insistent or intense. Besides, there’s a series of practices we could use to alleviate the pain.

What Causes Roof of Mouth Sore?


Hot Foods

We need to be careful when we eat in order to avoid aggravating or contracting roof of mouth pain. Eating hot food quickly can burn our mouth, which is a common cause of roof of mouth sore. Since our palate is quite delicate, it can be easily harmed by hot coffee, tea, or melted cheese in pizzas or lasagnas.

Treatment advice: Immediately cool the palate with cold water to prevent further damage. Give the burnt are time to heal and avoid spicy food. 


Mouth Infection

Bacterial and viral infection may cause roof of mouth sore. The mouth is a particularly good place for bacteria and virus proliferation due to its humidity and the accumulated food sediments. Common colds, sinusitis, tonsillitis and many other common infections will also make your palate and throat hurt.

Treatment advice: Turn to a doctor to do some examination. Antibiotics will be prescribed if necessary. Eat food rich in vitamin B and vitamin C help speed up the healing process. 


Cold Sore

Cold sores, often called fever blisters, are particularly unpleasant and usually causes roof of mouth sore. If you have a fever blister, although it will probably be painful or annoying all along the day, it probably gets worse when you eat because when chewing, you add more pressure on the sore; when eating spicy or acidic foods, this heavy flavor will irritate the sore.

Treatment advice: Cold sore may clear up on its own, but use antiviral medication like  penciclovir (Denavir), valacyclovir (Valtrex), famciclovir (Famvir)  and acyclovir (Xerese, Zovirax) can accelerate the process.


Canker Sore

If a tissue is damaged because of burn or scratch or if the tissue is exposed to bacteria, canker sore may happen. Compared to cold sore, canker sore is not contagious and won't appear on the lips. But it can be painful and cause difficulty in eating and talking.

Treatment advice: Canker sore can vanish in a week or so by its own. You can also ask you doctor to prescribe mouth rinse containing a steroid-dexamethasone, or an antibiotic called tetracycline.  


Burning Mouth Syndrome

Anyone who has ever gone through burning mouth syndrome will remember it. It’s a very unpleasant feeling that tends to arise after late meals. It’s characterized by a burning feeling that generally starts in the throat, and then the mouth and the palate, which can last for hours and even prevent you from sleeping.

Treatment advice: Baking soda paste and yogurt will provide help.


Mouth Cancer

Mouth cancer, a relatively rare case, generally appears as mixed white and red areas which may cause painful sensation. The risks of getting oral cancer for chronic smokers and drinkers are 15 times higher.

Treatment advice: Doctor will use X-ray (radiotherapy) or medication (chemotherapy) to kill the cancerous cells, or do surgery to remove the bad cells and tissues.

How to Deal With Roof of Mouth Sore

There are many ways of combating roof of mouth sore. Some are natural, others are not. You can choose from the following options:

Use Baking Soda

Baking soda for pain relief is an old, natural home remedy for everyone. In order to greatly alleviate the pain, baking soda should be applied over your palate gently. Do this 3 times a day for 2 or 3 days to cure your roof of mouth sore.


Eat Yogurt

Yogurt is another good option. Its cooling action is very useful for reducing roof of mouth sore, especially after eating spicy food. Besides, Yogurt can help relieve mouth infection and mouth thrush which may also cause roof of mouth sore.


Have Food Rich in Vitamins

Our mothers have always told us about vitamins, haven’t they? Vitamins C and B are particularly good at making wounds heal fast and pain vanish quickly. Vitamins assist our overall immune system, while helping repair body parts that are suffering any sort of problem, including roof of mouth sore.


Maintain a Bland Diet

Disregarding the cause of your malaise, foster a bland diet will definitely reduce your pain and improve your situation. Above all, try to avoid acidic and spicy foods, such as citrus fruits, tomato, tomato-based sauces, carbonated soft drinks, chili, and salsa and so on. These foods can greatly aggravate your pain.


Other Home Remedies

Your house is likely full of stuff that could greatly help you with your roof of mouth pain:

  • Gargle with cold or salty water, or eat an ice pop can provide great relief.

  • Drinking milk can soothe the painful mouth roof.

  • Simply chewing your food slowly will do its job as well.

  • Using a soft toothbrush and applying fluocinonide gel over the palate will help you.

  • OTC painkillers, such as acetaminophen, are very effective for alleviating roof of mouth sore.


When to Seek Medical Help

Even though roof of mouth sore can die out easily, you might want to visit a doctor if:

  • You have tried these remedies, but the pain is not eased;

  • Your symptoms persists for 2 weeks or more;

  • Pain is unbearable and/or spreading;

  • It has become difficult to eat or drink fluids.


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